A kind of survivorship bias in that when there are two positively correlating traits that are (ostensibly) negatively correlated in a population that selects for these traits. For instance, GPA and SAT scores. Although it would seem at first glance that having a higher SAT score doesn’t lead to higher grades in a particular college,Continue reading “Berkson’s Paradox”
Allows description of the probability that an event will occur based on the condition that another belief or beliefs hold true. Lets you quantify uncertainty: what about my hypothesis can I reasonably believe given that the assumptions I have made are true?